Blog 3

04/25/2013

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In 1900 only one country allowed women to vote. This increased in 1950 with 69 countries and in 1975, 129 countries. However even though they gained the right to vote there were still differences in both education and pay. A major issue came after women were given the right to vote which was equal pay. WW2 brought an influx of female workers and they did not want to return to their traditional role. In the 1980’s women were working full time but only making 64% of what a man would make.

Things slowly but surely began to change for women. Beginning with
Margaret Thatcher aka ‘Iron Lady’. She was the first women to be elected as a European head of state. The conservative party took over in 1979 and stayed until 1990. Individuals were given greater freedoms. Public expenditures were reduced.

The Women’s Rights Movement began with a book by Betty Frieden named “The Feminine Mystique”- it was a book about women being dissatisfied with their role. In 1966 she founded the NOW (national organization for women).  Although it was defeated, they fought for the Equal Rights Amendment which prohibited discrimination. In 1973 they faced another challenge where the supreme court struck down laws which prohibited abortion. In 1970
Gloria Steinem took over NOW however in the 1980’s the group slit to differences regarding abortion issues. By late 1960’s almost all women had access to birth control. It was seen as a major progression as it gave women control over their reproductive role, choice if and when they wanted to be mothers and choice over their careers.

“…while women represent fifty percent of the world’s population, they perform nearly two-thirds of all working hours, receive only one-tenth of the world’s income and own less than one percent of the world’s property”

A way in which African Americans made advancements was through “
Great Society”.  Johnson convinced the congress to pass Kennedy’s civil rights bill. It allowed the government to cut off funding to any program that practiced discrimination. It also created VISTA to battle poverty.

 

Blog 2

04/23/2013

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Outline the steps that brought about the end of the system of apartheid in South Africa in the 1990s?


The system Apartheid was because of the All-White National party when they came into power in 1948. It was a doctrine of white supremacy and separate development. Non-whites South Africans could no longer marry outside of their own race, choose where to live, travel where they liked. The whites made up 15% of the population yet owned 87% of the land. Non-whites were forced to live on Bantustans. Both the army and police force enforced this. The end of the Apartheid in South Africa was when Prime Minister P.W Botha made reforms in 1978. Blacks were then able to marry whom they please, mix in certain places and join unions. The external reasons to this were in 1985 Canadian P.M. Brian Mulroney urged the Americans to impose limited sanctions. Botha responded to this by restricting freedom of foreign press. British Commonwealth called for sanctions but G.B did not join. Internal reasons to this were the resistance movement began calling for a revolution, trade unions had won the right to bargain and began protesting apartheid and the economy imploded.  The Dutch Reformed Church began to oppose apartheid.  In 1990 Mandela was released from prison and in 1994 democratic election with all races voting took place.

 

Blog 1

04/18/2013

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What were the steps that Gandhi used in order to help India secure independence from Great Britain?

Before India gained its independence their system of government was Dyarchy. Indians controlled health, education and agriculture; however, the British controlled finance, law and order. In 1919, an anti-British protest took place in the Holiest city for Sikhs. Protesters were unarmed but the British overreacted by killing 279 protestors and many more wounded. Mohandas Gandhi was the leader of the Indian Congress Party. He led with the style of protest called pacifism. He believed that both Hindus and Muslims could share an independent India. On Jan 26th 1930 he declared independence for India. This began civil disobedience. He was assassinated by a fellow Hindu after the partition of 1947. However, the steps in which Gandhi secured independence is in the following. The Salt March was in 1930. It was a protest to the British on tax on salt. Many thousands followed Ghandi on this 240 mile walk. The outcome draws support for the independence movement across India and the world. Although Gandhi was arrested and put in jail. he still voiced the movement and gained support. 


 

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